The deal combines TC BioPharm’s leading gamma delta T Cell capabilities with bluebird’s proven expertise in all stages of CAR T and gene therapy product development to discover and develop next-generation liquid and solid tumor product candidates.
The companies will work together to advance TC BioPharm’s lead CAR-engineered gamma delta T cell program into clinical trials as well as on additional hematologic and solid tumor targets.
“Emerging research suggests that gamma delta T cells may constitute a powerful platform for CAR-T cell therapies,” said Philip Gregory, D.Phil., chief scientific officer, bluebird bio. “TCB is a leader in the gamma delta T cell field, with extensive capabilities spanning early research, clinical development and manufacturing. The combination with our deep expertise in CAR-T cell biology, translational and clinical experience with leading CAR-T cell drug products, and powerful gene therapy toolbox, offers a high degree of synergy. This partnership aims to help realize the full potential of the gamma delta T cell platform to bring novel and transformative therapies to cancer patients with high unmet medical need.”
Commenting on the partnership with bluebird bio, TCB’s chief executive - Michael Leek, PhD, said,
“We are delighted to be working alongside bluebird bio to discover and develop next-generation CAR-T cell therapies based on our innovative ImmuniCAR® platform. Both companies share the same dynamic culture, passion and drive, spearheaded by an overwhelming desire to treat cancer patients – with the potential to dramatically improve each individual’s prognosis and quality of life.”
“We believe our gamma delta T cell platform has broad therapeutic potential,” added Artin Moussavi, PhD, chief business officer of TC BioPharm. “The collaboration with bluebird bio, a leader in cell and gene therapy, recognizes the enormous potential of ImmuniCAR® to deliver life-changing medicines.”
“bluebird bio is leveraging its industry-leading toolbox of advanced cell and gene therapy technologies to accelerate immuno-oncology targets from concept to clinic,” said Joanne Smith-Farrell, bluebird’s senior vice president, corporate development and strategy.
“The agreement with TCB complements bluebird bio’s growing immuno-oncology development program, which includes clinical and pre-clinical CAR-T and T Cell Receptor programs that leverage bluebird bio’s leading translational research and deep vector technology expertise to rapidly accelerate from target identification to clinical development.”
Under the terms of the agreement, bluebird bio and TCB will collaborate to discover and develop CAR-engineered gamma delta T cells for cancer targets and indications. TCB is responsible for development of all targets through Phase 1/2, at which point bluebird has the exclusive option to assume sole responsibility for further clinical development and commercialization on a global basis.
Financial terms of the agreement include a $16 million upfront payment and subsequent potential R&D and commercial milestone payments. The Company is also eligible to receive undisclosed tiered royalties on product sales.
With its lentiviral-based gene therapies, T cell immunotherapy expertise and gene editing capabilities, bluebird bio has built an integrated product platform with broad potential application to severe genetic diseases and cancer. bluebird bio’s gene therapy clinical programs include its Lenti-D™ product candidate, currently in a Phase 2/3 study, called the Starbeam Study, for the treatment of cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy, and its LentiGlobin® BB305 product candidate, currently in three clinical studies for the treatment of transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia, also known as β-thalassemia major, and severe sickle cell disease.
bluebird bio’s oncology pipeline is built upon the company’s leadership in lentiviral gene delivery and T cell engineering, with a focus on developing novel T cell-based immunotherapies, including chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-T) and T cell receptor (TCR) therapies. bluebird bio’s lead oncology programs, bb2121 and bb21217, are anti-BCMA CAR-T programs partnered with Celgene. bb2121 and bb21217 are each currently being studied in Phase 1 trials for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. bluebird bio also has discovery research programs utilizing megaTALs/homing endonuclease gene editing technologies with the potential for use across the company’s pipeline.
bluebird bio has operations in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Seattle, Washington, Durham, North Carolina and Europe.
Headquartered in Edinburgh with facilities in Glasgow, London and Kawasaki, TCB is a clinical stage biotechnology company leading the way gamma delta T cells are being used to treat cancer and serious viral disease.
TCB has strategic collaborations with pharmaceutical, biotechnology and leading research institutions bringing its transformative cell therapies to clinic. In January 2015, TCB’s cell therapy manufacturing facility at Maxim Office Park in Glasgow was awarded a Manufacturer's Authorisation for Investigational Medicinal Products MIA (IMP) which permits manufacture and release of Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products (ATMPs) for use in clinical trials.
TCB has developed a novel gamma-delta CAR-T platform (ImmuniCAR®) where T cells are supercharged using gene-therapy to target and kill specific cancer types. ImmuniCAR® represents a truly disruptive, step-changing approach to the treatment of a wide variety of cancers with potential to overcome many of the safety problems previously seen with conventional early-generation CAR-T products. TCB is developing CAR-T products against a range of cancer antigens with the potential to target both solid and blood tumors.